In 1294, after Benedetto Caetani persuaded his predecessor, Pope Celestine V, to become addictive, VIII. Papa Boniface. Pope Boniface, a solid supporter of the universal superiority of the papacy, struck France’s Philip IV and dismissed her after she published the Unam Sanctam Bull, which confirmed the supremacy of the priesthood over all the rulers. In the same year, 1303, Pope Boniface VIII, published the Suprema praeminentia dignitatis Bull and founded the first university in Rome, Studium Urbis.
The university was built outside the walls of the Vatican, and although this did not solve many problems between the university and the clergy, it certainly created a new relationship between the City of Rome and the new university, among many scholars. World.
In 1592 Pope VIII. The Pope hired Andrea Cesalpino, the man who showed the existence of an opposite centripetal force, according to the blood circulation and the aorta and its branches that pump the blood from the heart into the peripheral blood system.
In 1660, Studium Urbis moved to a new building in Corso Rinascimento, and engraved on the main gate as Sapienza: Initium Sapientiae timor Domini.
In 1798, the spirit of the French Revolution led to the proclamation of the Roman Republic. The creation of the National Institute of Science and Art made both university and undergraduate courses culturally autonomous. However, the new wave did not last long. The spirit of predisposition by the Roman students would have to wait until the 1848 Revolutions.
At the dawn of the First World War, campus, interventionists and internationalists witnessed clashes between anti-German rallies and forced interventionist Rector Alberto Tonnelli to suspend classes and shut down the university. The war would leave a deep mark on the university life. Indeed, at the end of the conflict, all fallen students of Sapienza received an honorary degree.
The deadline: the gap between 1977’s turmoil and the student movement and the trade unions that kept the students away from politics, put forward a new movement among the students of the 1990s Panther Movement. During the so-called Anni di Piombo, the university was shot twice with the assassination of famous professors: Vittorio Bachelet in 1980 and Ezio Tarantelli in 1985.
After a slight decline in registration, Sapienza is once again the largest university in Europe. More than 10,000 employees, including 145,000 students and professors, staff and technicians.